Lecture notes on emergence, complexity, and complex systems

Lecture Notes on Emergence and Complex Systems

As the name implies, lecture notes are supposed to be taken in the lectures. But to be honest, I have never had attended a course on the emergence and complex systems. What I have done is limited to reading a couple of books and software implementation of a few low-order complex systems. However, I’ve always been interested in coaching an informal […]

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Why we need to study the complexity and the complex systems

Neil Johnson starts his fantastic book on complexity with the following story in the preface: The above story could be considered as a fantasy. But whoever knows the idea behind the complexity and the complex systems would confirm it as a plausible scenario. Human understanding of the world can be divided into three distinct ages: Mythologic World or Primitive Dualistic View […]

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Description vs. Prediction: Predictive Theories and Descriptive Stories

Besides all formal, scientific, epistemological, definitions of science and scientific theories, there’s a simple clear understanding of the science in our mind. Something we have learned in school and experienced later in our daily life. Scientists observe the world. Develop theories based on their observations. Validate their theories using existing data and finally, use these theories to predict the future. […]

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Introductory Case: Life of termites as eusocial insects

In my introduction to the concept of emergence, I talked about termites and other eusocial insects as one of the best examples of emerging intelligence. With the term emerging intelligence I mean a robust, adaptable, and complicated mind emerged from the interaction of simple minded entities. In the above photo, you can see various structures made by termites. Actually these […]

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Basic Concepts: Definition of Randomness

When we talked about predictability and living things, I have noted that we need a more precise definition of randomness before diving into the details of complex living systems. The concept of randomness seems obvious at first glance. Random and Randomness are so popular in our daily talks which we never think about their exact definition. Let me start with a simple […]

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Basic Concepts: Inferiomorphism – when agents impose themselves to the superagent

Don’t worry, if you have never heard the word inferiomorphism. Inferiomorphism is a combination of inferior (belonging to a lower level) and morphism (looking for a mapping between two objects from different categories). I have coined the term inferiomorphism by myself to emphasize on one of the greatest mistakes we’ve ever made. When I was talking about the practical definition […]

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